Dionisius, Felix
P3M Politeknik Negeri Indramayu

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Design Optimization of Crashworthiness in Square Tube as Thin Walled Structure With Variations of Crush Initiator: Stripe-Parallelogram-Trigon

Jurnal Teknologi Terapan Vol 4, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Teknologi Terapan
Publisher : P3M Politeknik Negeri Indramayu

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Abstract

Crashworthiness is an ability of a vehicle structure in order to reduce injury when occurred in collision. Crashworthiness criteria are peak force (Fmax), specific energy absorption (SEA), and crush force efficiency (CFE). The part of structure of vehicle in crashworthiness is front rail which is generally tube as thin walled structure. The aim was to know the best design in thin walled square tube as specimen by variance of crush initiator which arranged holes 3 mm of diameter in shaping stripe with 4 holes, then added graded holes in parallelogram to trigon. This research used compression experiment method under quasi static loading with 30 mm/minute of actuator velocity. Optimum design was done by using Multi Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) with Simple Additive Weighting (SAW) modelling. This research presents that specimen with trigon of crush initiator is the best design with 0.98 of decision score in which crashworthiness criteria for peak force, specific energy absorption and crush force efficiency are 19193.81 N; 5100.93 J/kg; and 46.44%.

STUDI KARAKTERISTIK REAKTOR GASIFIKASI TYPE DOWNDRAFT SERBUK KAYU DENGAN VARIASI EQUIVALENSI RATIO

Jurnal Teknologi Terapan Vol 3, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Teknologi Terapan
Publisher : P3M Politeknik Negeri Indramayu

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Abstract

The depletion of fossil fuel reserves and natural gas makes people rethink to find alternative energy substitutes. Biomass is an alternative energy that is still abundant and has not been fully utilized. Gasification is one of alternative in gas making that change from solid fuel (wood powder) to thermochemical flammable gas. The research used downdraft gasification with experimental wood powder. The implementation of research was done in workshop of Indramayu State of Polytechnic, using batch system, it means once the import of biomass in the furnace from the beginning until the biomass out by 5 kg of wood powder biomass. Equivalence Ratio (ER) performed 4 variations namely: 1.01; 1.13; 1.34; 1.52. The recorded data are: temperature inside reactor, gasification operation time, air intake, syngas content, and flame visualization. The results obtained from the gasification process showed if the Equivalence Ratio (ER) is higher so the heating value of syngas decrease. LHV at ER 1.52 of 3980,306 Kj / m3 and the synthetis gas content decreased as much as 21,7806 %

Pengembangan Pengujian Crashworthiness dengan Simulasi Numerik Menggunakan Model Impact Transferability

Jurnal Teknologi Terapan Vol 3, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Teknologi Terapan
Publisher : P3M Politeknik Negeri Indramayu

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Abstract

Collision test is needed in transportation area in order to anticipate injuries of passangers when the accident occurred. Therefore, this test must be done for achieving standar requirements which is known by crashworthiness. This paper discussed about development of crasworthiness test by using modelling impact transferability by numerical simulation. The goal is to know the error of maximum deformation when given axial dynamic loading between numerical simulation and real experiment. Furthermore, analitic was used to validate duration of stress wave propagation from result of numerical simulation. This simulation used explicit finite element method by using PAM-Crash. The component of this research was impactor and impact of transferability with 80 and 27 kg of mass. The square tube-thin walled structure with holes as crush initator 3 mm of diameter was used as specimen. The result shows maximum deformation and duration of stress propagation error which are 3.90 % and 14.89 %. 

APLIKASI NON DESTRUCTIVE TEST PENETRANT TESTING (NDT-PT) UNTUK ANALISIS HASIL PENGELASAN SMAW 3G BUTT JOINT

Jurnal Teknologi Terapan Vol 3, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Teknologi Terapan
Publisher : P3M Politeknik Negeri Indramayu

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Abstract

The purpose of the research are determine acceptance criteria the specimen based on ASME standard. The research used mild steel materials with hardness 220 HVN with sized 30 cm x 20 cm x 1.2 cm then  SMAW welding process position of 3G buttjoint with rooting electrode LB 52U diameter 2.6 mm used current 70 Amper and voltage 380 volt, for Filler used LB 5218 electrode 3.2 mm with current of 80 Amper and voltage of 380 volts. The welding process influenced by many factor which cause failure. The method for inspect result of weld used Non Destructive Test Penetrant Testing (NDT PT) and used ASME standard for acceptance criteria. The test results showed the discontinuity of porosity on the surface of the welded product in specimen 1 is the largest rounded 5 mm at 233 mm distance so that based on the acceptance criteria of AWS standard, the welding result is accepted and the specimen 2 there is discontinuity at 233 mm with the size of 8 mm so that Otherwise rejected. This rejected result can be improved by gouging the discontinuity and then welded.

ANALISIS DAMPAK GAYA TUMBUKAN MELALUI PERUBAHAN BENTUK SEGI CRUSH INITIATOR PADA STRUKTUR TAILOR-WELDED BLANK

Jurnal Teknologi Terapan Vol 5, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Teknologi Terapan
Publisher : P3M Politeknik Negeri Indramayu

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Abstract

Tailor-welded blank (TWB) structure is one of the vehicle component models used in vehicle parts. In addition, these structures can be used in crashworthiess technology which can reduce injuries during a collision.. The structure of a vehicle that has greater strength can cause passengers to be thrown from the passenger compartment. This paper discusses the effect of faceted holes such as square, hexagonal and octagonal as crush initiator mounted on TWB which results in a maximum impact force (Fmax). The smallest maximum impact force is the criteria achieved from this study. The method used experimental quasi-static loading of the actuator speed of 0.5 mm/s to achieve 9.5 mm of deformation. TWB was made from plate formation with a process of stamping to spot weld. The result showed that the maximum impact force has an increase directly proportional to the addition of the shape of the crush initiator in the amount of 14.633 kN to 18.705 kN. From these results, it can be seen a square hole as best design in obtaining the smallest maximum impact force.