Adi, M Sakundarno
Universitas Negeri Semarang in cooperation with Association of Indonesian Public Health Experts (Ikatan Ahli Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia (IAKMI))

Published : 4 Documents
Articles

Found 4 Documents
Search

EVALUASI PELAKSANAAN SURVEILANS KASUS LEPTOSPIROSIS DI DINAS KESEHATAN KABUPATEN BOYOLALI

Unnes Journal of Public Health Vol 6 No 2 (2017): Unnes Journal of Public Health
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang in cooperation with Association of Indonesian Public Health Experts (Ikatan Ahli Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia (IAKMI))

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (123.21 KB)

Abstract

Kabupaten Boyolali merupakan salah satu kabupaten di Indonesia yang telah terjadi peningkatan kasus Leptospirosis selama 4 tahun terakhir. Salah satu upaya untuk mengatasinya adalah dengan melakukan surveilans epidemiologi. Tujuan penelitian ini yaitu untuk mengevaluasi pelaksanaan dan hasil surveilans kasus leptospirosis di Kabupaten Boyolali. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif dengan desain penelitian observasional. Sampel penelitian berjumlah 12 tenaga surveilans puskesmas dan 2 orang tenaga surveilans di Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Boyolali yang dipilih dengan metode purposive sampling dan dilakukan wawancara, telaah data sekunder, dan observasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kasus leptospirosis di Kabupaten Boyolali tahun 2012-2015 paling banyak terjadi pada kelompok umur 26-45 tahun (38,3%), berjenis kelamin laki-laki (70%), dan pekerjaan sebagai petani (44,7%). Kasus paling banyak terjadi pada bulan Maret tahun 2014 dan 2015 dengan angka insiden kumulatif sebesar 0,6. Sebagian besar kasus leptospirosis terjadi di Kecamatan Nogosari (34%). Pelaksanaan surveilans epidemiologi leptospirosis di Kabupaten Boyolali belum berjalan dengan baik, pengumpulan data sudah dilakukan oleh semua responden, kompilasi data hanya dilakukan di 3 dari 12 puskesmas dan di dinas kesehatan, analisis data hanya dilakukan di dinas kesehatan berupa analisis sederhana kecenderungan leptospirosis, dan sudah dilakukan diseminasi informasi dalam bentuk pelaporan dan umpan balik. Boyolali is one of the regency in Indonesia that has been an increase of Leptospirosis cases for the last 4 years. One effort to overcome this problem is conduct epidemiological surveillance. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the implementation and results of leptospirosis case surveillance in Boyolali. This research was descriptive study with observational research design. Samples of this research were 12 puskesmas surveillance officers and 2 health office surveillance officers that were selected by purposive sampling method and did interview, secondary data review, and observation. The results showed that cases of leptospirosis in Boyolali in 2012-2015 were mostly in the age group of 26-45 years (38.3%), male sex (70%), and occupation as farmers (44.7%). Most cases occurred in March 2014 and 2015 with cumulative incidence rate of 0.6. Most cases of leptospirosis occured in Nogosari District (34%). Implementation of leptospirosis epidemiological surveillance in Boyolali has not been well implemented, data were collected by all respondents, data were only compiled in 3 of 12 puskesmas and in health office, data were only analyzed in health office, like simple analysis of leptospiroses trend, and there was dissemination of information in the form of reporting and feedback.

PENGARUH PSIKOEDUKASI TERHADAP KEMAMPUAN CAREGIVER DALAM PERAWATAN PENDERITA DIABETES MELLITUS TIPE II

Jurnal Keperawatan Respati Yogyakarta Vol 4, No 3 (2017): September 2017
Publisher : Universitas Respati Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (60.919 KB)

Abstract

Diabetes Mellitus merupakan penyakit kronik yang membutuhkan perawatan dalam jangka waktuyang lama, Dalam hal ini kemampuan caregiver dibutuhkan karena merupakn salah satu faktorpenting pengelolaan penyakit Diabetes Mellitus.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruhpsikoedukasi terhadap kemampuan caregiver dalam perawatan penderita Diabetes Mellitus.Penelitian ini menggunakan desain penelitian quasi eksperiment dengan metode pre post with controlgroup pada kelompok perlakuan dan kelompok kontrol. Sampel terdiri dari 46 caregiver yang sesuaidengan kriteria inklusi dan dibagi dalam 2 kelompok perlakuan psikoedukasi (n=23) dan kontrol(n=23). Variabel yang diukur dalam penelitian ini dukungan caregiver. Penelitian ini menggunakanuji statistik paired t test, independent test dengan tingkat( p value 0.05). Dari uji statistik didapatkanhasil (p value 0.001 < 0,.05) sehingga disimpulkan bahwa secara statistik menunjukkan adaperbedaan pada kelompok perlakukan dan kontrol setelah intervensi psikoedukasi. Berdasarkan hasilpenelitian ini psikoedukasi dapat dijadikan intervensi mandiri keperawatan dalam meningkatkankemampuan caregiver dalam perawatan Diabetes Mellitus tipe II.

PENGETAHUAN, PRAKTIK PENCEGAHAN DAN KONDISI RUMAH PADA KONTAK SERUMAH DENGAN PENDERITA TB PARU DI KABUPATEN DEMAK

VISIKES: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 18, No 1 (2019): VISIKES
Publisher : Dian Nuswantoro Semarang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Tuberculosis (TB) is a highly contagious disease. Home contact is an individualwho is susceptible to contracting TB. The purpose of this study was to find outthe knowledge, prevention practices and condition of the house in a householdcontact with tuberculosis patients in Demak Regency.This type of research is observational with a cross sectional design. Thepopulation in the study were all family members of TB patients in July toDecember 2015 who were recorded in three health centers which had the top 3TB cases in Demak District Service. The number of samples is 34 which is one ofthe family members of TB patients who were selected in a simple random. Datawere analyzed using descriptive analysis.The results showed that household contacts with knowledge of good categoriesamounted to 64.7% and respondents with less knowledge categories were35.3%. Household contacts with a good prevention practice category of 52.9%and household contact with the prevention category is less than 47.1%.Household contacts with a healthy home category was 64.7% while householdcontact with unhealthy house category was 35.3%.Keywords: Tuberculosis, knowledge, prevention practices, condition home,house contact, demak

PENGETAHUAN, PRAKTIK PENCEGAHAN DAN KONDISI RUMAH PADA KONTAK SERUMAH DENGAN PENDERITA TB PARU DI KABUPATEN DEMAK

VISIKES: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 18, No 1 (2019): VISIKES
Publisher : Dian Nuswantoro Semarang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Tuberculosis (TB) is a highly contagious disease. Home contact is an individualwho is susceptible to contracting TB. The purpose of this study was to find outthe knowledge, prevention practices and condition of the house in a householdcontact with tuberculosis patients in Demak Regency.This type of research is observational with a cross sectional design. Thepopulation in the study were all family members of TB patients in July toDecember 2015 who were recorded in three health centers which had the top 3TB cases in Demak District Service. The number of samples is 34 which is one ofthe family members of TB patients who were selected in a simple random. Datawere analyzed using descriptive analysis.The results showed that household contacts with knowledge of good categoriesamounted to 64.7% and respondents with less knowledge categories were35.3%. Household contacts with a good prevention practice category of 52.9%and household contact with the prevention category is less than 47.1%.Household contacts with a healthy home category was 64.7% while householdcontact with unhealthy house category was 35.3%.Keywords: Tuberculosis, knowledge, prevention practices, condition home,house contact, demak