Turmudi, Endang
P2KK LIPI

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Reorientasi Keagamaan dan Konseptualisasi Ukhuwah Islamiyah: Dua Kasus dari Jawa Timur Turmudi, Endang
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 1, No.1 (1997)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

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Abstract

This article discusses the social relationship between Muslim groups in Jombang and Pasuruan, East Java. It highlights the relationship between traditionalist orthodox Muslim represented by NU and Modernist Orthodox Muslim represented by Muhammadiyah. The relationship is marked by tension and conflict. This conflicts is inevitable, not only because they do difference practice of Islam but also because they have different political orientation. It is argued, however, that this conflict wll not come into disintegrative situation, since at the cultural level muslims have a common integrated system, us the same focabularies and are bound by the same ideology. In addition, it is interesting to note that there are emerging changes in Muslims’ perspective at grassroots level about their relations with other Muslim groups. Such changes constitute their response to the existing and continuous changes in the socio-political realm. The changes have brought them to reformulate their socio-political order, either concerned with the Islamic leadership or with the Islamic ideals that they must pursue in general. What is important in regard to such reformulation (reevaluation) is the concept of Ukhuwwah Islamiyyah (Muslim Brotherhood). The concept has long been interpreted and used inappropriately. The concept is concerned with relations between Muslim groups, which have long been marked by strong primordialism. The re-evaluation of Ukhuwwah Islamiyyah represents a self crilique by Muslims of themselves after they experienced their misconduct in regard to their relationship with each other. It gives rise to mutual understanding between them and juxiaposes one Muslim to another. It is not accidental that intermarriage between Muslims of various groups in present day Jombang and Pasuruan occurs more often thatn that in the past.
MELIHAT KEMBALI RADIKALISME ISLAM DI INDONESIA DAN UPAYA-UPAYA PENCEGAHANNYA Turmudi, Endang
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 14, No 2 (2012)
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Radicalism embraced by a smallgroup of Muslims in Indonesia continues to develop and their radical actions increased significantly, as can be seen from the bombing of some hotels, churches and even mosques. Radicalism is influenced by an ideology which among others opposes the presence o f(Secular) Indonesian States, considers other Muslims outside their own group as infidels and exerts to establish an Islamic state. Furthermore, the radicals tolerate violence and even terrorism in order to achieve what they pursue. Since radicalism deals with ideology, the effort of de-radicalization is to unplug certain Islamic understanding of the radicals. Without such direction, deradicalization seems to be difficult to achieve, given the fact that changing ideology is impossible. Therefore, experts proposed a program of "disengagement" which is“not to the point" trying to pull out the idea of   radicalism. Nevertheless, the facts show that there has been some radical group exponents, such as AliImran, who are deradicalized, realizing what they did concerned with terrorism is wrong. From there, the government launched deradicalization programs involving many stakeholders. However, the effectiveness of the programs should be reviewed, and some research need to be conducted to see their constraints since the programs are not related to de-radicalize the terrorists only but also those embraced radicalism in general who are influenced by activist of social movements that propagate radicalism. Keywords: radicalism, de-radicalization, ideology.