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MERETAS MASALAH PERPANGANAN DI KABUPATEN ALOR: DULU, KINI, DAN MASA MENDATANG Siburian, Robert
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 13, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

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Abstract

Alor is a district in East Nusa Tenggara Province that often suffers from food shortage. Food insecurity experienced by farmer community is mainly related to two main factors, namely: geography condition and accessibility of people to food resources. Those situations have created low agricultural production, which have their close nexus with farmers’ income. As a consequent, they seek of getting financial assistance, whether from government or private sectors. Some factors that are contributing to farmers low income including land infertility, farmers possession of a small plot of land, the scarcity of productivity means such as: fertilizers, the weather condition (dry season) and natural disasters. Most importantly, the limited skills of farmers to make use by all resourcesavailable factors has also impacted to food insecurity. To overcome the current condition, any effort to establish food security mechanism through alleviation of poverty programs is recommended, for example, the revitalization of Alor local food. In the long run, any development of agricultural program in Alor Island must be carried out through intensification and extensification programs as well as accelerating aquacultural program and other alternative solutions. Strengthening the local “adat” organizations could also help farmers inparticular to cope with the food insecurity, and to solve related major issues that link closely with people basic needs. The data used to write this paper are based on research conducted on September and October 2009.Keywords: Food Security, Revitalization, and Local Food
PENGELOLAAN TAMAN NASIONAL BANTIMURUNG-BULUSARAUNG DAN DAMPAKNYA TERHADAP MASYARAKAT LOKAL Siburian, Robert
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 12, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

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Abstract

Bantimurung-Bulusaraung (Babul) National Park was established in 2004. As a new national park, collaborative activities with surrounding community are still limited. Fixing the border line between the national park and the surrounding areas is still in the main preoccupation of the national park. The problem in Babul National Park is related to still unsolved land ownership. Local people in Dusun Tallasa claimed that the land had beenoccupied since a long time. Their ancestors had lived in the area before government proclaimed the forest as a conservation area. Besides, they also have evidence such as girik (traditional land ownership documents). Colaborative activities are limited and have not been based on memorandum of understanding. The only institution which collaborates with Babul National Park Office (Balai Taman Nasional Babul)is Tourism and Culture Agency (Dinas Pariwisata dan Kebudayaan)and Babul National Park Office (Balai Taman Nasional Babul). This paper aims to describe the real situation regarding the relation between Babul National Park Office and the local communities their economic activities, and the benefits that could be obtained by both the communities and ecosystem in regard to natural conservation goals. Keywords: stakeholders, collaborative management, environment, conflict, national park
Social Resilience and Forest Ecology Change: A study on around forest society in Simalungun District Siburian, Robert
Jurnal Penelitian Kesejahteraan Sosial Vol 16, No 4 (2017): Jurnal Penelitian Kesejahteraan Sosial
Publisher : Babes Litbang Yankessos

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Abstract

People who live around and depend on forest resources are susceptible to change of forest ecology, especially on the impact of forest degradation. Forest provides environment service and irreplaceable economic resources. This is whyforest ecology change brings much impact to forest function capacity which implies to the decreasing of its function capacity in providing environment service and economic resources. The life of around forest society can continue if their social resilience is able to cope with the change. This research is aimed to study forest area condition in Simalungun District and that of its society’s dependency level on forest resources. It used a qualitative approach and the technique of collecting data was conducted by using indepth interview, focus group discussion (FGD) and observation. The result of the research shows that the society involvement in managing forest resources has not been significant though the government has opened the scheme of doing so as an effort to improve the forest society welfare and to enhance their social resilience.
“Black Gold”: Environmental Degradation and Social Marginalization Siburian, Robert
Jurnal Penelitian Kesejahteraan Sosial Vol 14, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Penelitian Kesejahteraan Sosial
Publisher : Babes Litbang Yankessos

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Abstract

This paper explains that coal mining as a heavy industry does not bring the expected prosperity to the community. At the macro level, the activity of mining gives a significant contribution to national economy, including provide job opportunities. But at the micro level, enviromental degradation seems dominant with its impact to the environment. Theimpact is the process of marginalize for local people, especially for some people who live on agricultural sector. The degradation to the environment makes the capacity of agricultural lands becoming low in production whereas the access of farmers to the fertile lands and other economical resources are very limited. The condition is getting complex when at the same time there are many newcomers from other areas searching for better life so it has caused the environmental degradation worser. The existence of the newcomers has made the competition among the people there to get land and economical resource is getting high. This competition will make the local people or farmers becoming marginalized becausethey could not compete in the situation and they lose many opportunities. Those phenomena happens due to the politics of ecology played by national and local goverments through policies which only focus on the economy sector.
Dinamika Sosial Nelayan Lamahala Siburian, Robert
Jurnal Penelitian Kesejahteraan Sosial Vol 12, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Penelitian Kesejahteraan Sosial
Publisher : Babes Litbang Yankessos

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Abstract

Fishing activity has been carried out by fishermen in Lamahala for a long time. It has even been their ancestor heritage for over hundreds of years who migrated from the Mollucas Islands in the north to the village of Lamahala in the southern hemisphere. The hereditary activity which has been carried out for generations can hold out because it is supported by the potential and abundant marine resources there, especially in the Sawu Sea and its surrounding areas. The meeting of two underwater currents, that drive the rising movement of water mass from the bottom to the surface layer of the sea, provides wealthy nutrition that can fertilize the waters which are useful for the growth of various planktons as the source of food for numerous fish species. The problem is the rich marine resources have not been able to raise the level of welfare to be better than before. In fact, it is no doubt that the courage of fishermen there to conquer the huge waves on the Sawu Sea is very high even though they only use a small boat and rely on natural signs so as not to be lost in the vast ocean. It seems that poverty will never get out of their life because of as much as 477 of 1,327 households in the village are still in the level of pre-prosperous family. Based on the reality of their current life, this paper attempts to explain the social dynamics of Lamahala’s fishermen.
DIASPORA ORANG BALI: DINAMIKA SOSIAL-BUDAYA UMAT HINDU-BALI DI DESA KERTA BUANA Siburian, Robert
Kebudayaan Vol 11, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Puslitjakdikbud Balitbang Kemdikbud

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Abstract

AbstractBalinese people have been living in Kerta Buana village since 1980, when they joinedtransmigration program. In fact, when they migrated to Kalimantan island, it was notsolely a physical, but also a cultural migration. Thus, they still perform their religiousrituals and customs like they used to in Bali so that the people surrounding Kerta Buanavillage do not need to go to Bali to learn and understand Balinese culture and religiousrituals of Hindu-Bali people. The settlement of Hindu-Bali people in a village will be asocial capital to actualize their culture. Related to the settlement of Hindu-Bali peoplein Kerta Buana village, the problems in this article, i.e.: (1) How social dynamics ofHindu-Bali people does in Kerta Buana village? (2) How kind of relationship have thatis built between Kerta Buana village and Bali island? The results of this research showsthat Hindu-Bali community in Kerta Buana village live in a community. So, it is easy tomanage it. The other thing is Hindu-Bali community in Kerta Buana village still carry outreligious rites and customs even though they live far from the area of origin. In fact, theyfabricated the culture in Bali in accordance with the conditions that exist in Kerta Buanavillage. The other thing, Hindu-Bali community still carry out rites and traditions, eventhough far distance from Bali island. In fact, they created Balinese culture for adaptedwith conditions in Kerta Buana village. AbstrakKeberadaan orang Bali di Desa Kerta Buana sudah sejak 1980, yaitu ketika merekamengikuti program transmigrasi. Pada saat mereka bertransmigrasi ke Pulau Kalimantan,ternyata yang bermigrasi tidak hanya fisik tetapi juga kebudayaan mereka. Dengankebudayaan yang ikut serta dengan mereka, ritual agama dan adat istiadat tetap merekalakukan seperti berada di Bali, sehingga masyarakat di sekitar Desa Kerta Buana tidakharus ke Bali untuk memahami kebudayaan dan ritual-ritual kegamaan orang HinduBali. Bermukimnya orang Hindu-Bali di suatu desa menjadi modal sosial untukmengaktualisasikan kebudayaannya itu. Terkait dengan keberadaan orang Hindu-Bali diDesa Kerta Buana, permasalahan yang diangkat dalam tulisan ini meliputi: (1) Bagaimanadinamika sosial orang Hindu-Bali di Desa Kerta Buana? (2) Bagaimana hubungan yangmereka bangun dengan daerah asal di Pulau Bali? Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwamasyarakat Hindu-Bali di Desa Kerta Buana hidup dalam satu komunitas sehingga mudahuntuk menggerakkannya ataupun mengelolanya. Hal lain adalah masyarakat Bali di DesaKerta Buana masih tetap melaksanakan ritual keagamaan dan adat istiadat kendati merekabermukim jauh dari daerah asal. Bahkan mereka merekayasa kebudayaan yang ada diBali sesuai dengan kondisi yang ada di Desa Kerta Buana.