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Beam Shaping Assembly Optimization for Boron Neutron Capture Therapy Facility Based on Cyclotron 30 MeV as Neutron Source

ASEAN Journal on Science and Technology for Development Vol 35 No 3 (2018): Developments in Nuclear Techniques in the Treatment of Cancer
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

A design of beam shaping assembly (BSA) installed on cyclotron 30 MeV model neutron source for boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) has been optimized using simulator software of Monte Carlo N-Particle Extended (MCNPX). The Beryllium target with thickness of 0.55 cm is simulated to be bombarded with 30 MeV of proton beam. In this design, the parameter regarding beam characteristics for BNCT treatment has been improved, which is ratio of fast neutron dose and epithermal neutron flux. TiF3 is replaced to 30 cm of 27Al as moderator, and 1.5 cm of 32S is combined with 28 cm of 60Ni as neutron filter. Eventually, this design produces epithermal neutron flux of 2.33 × 109, ratio between fast neutron dose and epithermal neutron flux of 2.12 × 10-13,ratio between gamma dose and epithermal neutron flux of 1.00 × 10-13, ratio between thermal neutron flux and epithermal neutron flux is 0.047, and ration between particle current and total neutron flux is 0.56.

Dose Analysis of Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT) Treatment for Lung Cancer Based on Particle and Heavy Ion Transport Code System (PHITS)

ASEAN Journal on Science and Technology for Development Vol 35 No 3 (2018): Developments in Nuclear Techniques in the Treatment of Cancer
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (878.458 KB)

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of boron concentration on total dose rate for lung cancer treatment, and to determine the effect of boron concentration on the length of irradiation time for lung cancer treatment. This study was computer simulation-based using the Particle and Heavy Ion Transport code System (PHITS) by defining the geometry and components of lung cancer and the surrounding organism as the object being studied and the source of radiation used. The type of phantom used was the ORNL of an adult Asian male. The neutron source used was Kartini Reactor. The independent variable was the boron concentration of 30, 40, 50, 60, and 70 μg/g cancer tissue and the dependent variables were the dose rate and the irradiation time. The results of this study indicated that the larger the amount of boron concentration that was injected, the higher the rate of total dose the organ received, where the total dose rate for each variation of boron concentration were 1.34 × 10-3 Gy/s, 1.71 × 10-3  Gy/s, 2.07 × 10-3 Gy/s, 2.42 × 10-3  Gy/s, and 2.78 × 10-3 Gy/s, and the larger the amount of boron concentration that was injected, the faster the irradiation time for the treatment of lung cancer was, where the irradiation time required for each variation of boron concentration was 37294 s, 29240 s, 24180 s, 20633 s, and 17996 s.